Abbreviations in Family History

This material was extracted from the Family History Daily website, a source of excellent family history information, courses and a regular free newsletter.

https://familyhistorydaily.com/genealogy-help-and-how-to/family-history-abbreviations/

A

  • ad inf ~ ad infinitum (to infinity)
  • ad init ~ ad initium (at the beginning)
  • ad int ~ ad interim (in the meantime)
  • admix or admx ~ administratrix/female administrator
  • admr ~ administrator
  • afft ~ affidavit
  • agmt ~ agreement
  • agt ~ agent
  • agy ~ agency
  • ahl ~ ad hoc locum (to this place)
  • ano ~ annus (year) or another
  • appc ~ apprentice
  • appt ~ appointment
  • app’t ~ appointed
  • a quo ~ from whom
  • asr ~ assessor
  • at lge ~ at large
  • a/v ~ ad valorem (tax on goods)

B

  • Bas ~ bastard
  • b.h. ~ boarding house
  • bien ~ biennial (taking place every other year)
  • bns ~ banns (marriage)
  • b/o ~ brother of
  • Bur Gr ~ burying ground

C

  • c. ~ baptized
  • ca. ~ circa
  • Cha ~ chambermaid
  • chan ~ chancel or chancery
  • chd ~ child
  • chh ~ church
  • ch/o or c/o ~ child of
  • chr ~ churches
  • civ ~ civil
  • Cl ~ child
  • cl cts ~ clerk of courts
  • cntb ~ constable
  • co/m ~ colored male
  • con/o ~ consent (of)
  • cons/o ~ consort (wife, husband, or companion) of
  • contl ~ continental
  • Ct ~ court
  • cty ~ county

D

  • d.s.p. ~ died without issue
  • dau/o or d/o ~ daughter of
  • db ~ deed book
  • dc ~ deceased, docket, or death certificate
  • demi/dem/di/d ~ one-half or smaller than
  • dft ~ defendant
  • dg ~ degree of gift or deed of gift
  • Dm ~ domestic
  • do/doo ~ ditto (the same, or same as above)
  • dt ~ deed of trust
  • dom ~ date of marriage or domicile
  • dom svt ~ domestic servant
  • ds ~ deserted, died single, or document signed
  • dto ~ ditto
  • dum ~ died unmarried
  • dy ~ died young

Listing using "do" abbreviation"

E

  • Ecclia ~ church
  • ecux ~ a female executor of probate
  • e.g. ~ exampli gratia (for example)
  • ehel/ehl ~ ehelich (legitimate)
  • eld ~ elder or eldest
  • emig ~ emigrant, emigrated, or emigration
  • eno ~ enough
  • et. al. ~ et alii (and others, usually at least two others)
  • et. seq. ~ et sequentes (and the following)
  • et ux ~ and wife or one other
  • ex/exec/exc’r ~ executor
  • exit. atta ~ attachment was signed and issued by the court
  • exon/excn/exec/execn ~ executed, as in a legal document

F

  • fa/o or f/o ~ father of
  • fc ~ federal census
  • fdry ~ foundry
  • feu ~ late (deceased)
  • ff ~ and the following or following pages
  • fgr ~ family group record
  • filia ~ daughter
  • filius ~ son

G

  • gb ~ guardian bond
  • gdn ~ guardian
  • gds ~ goods or guards
  • gt ~ great
  • guar ~ guarantee or guardianship

H

  • hds ~ hands
  • hic jacet ~ here lies
  • hic sit ~ here is buried
  • hls ~ hoc loco situs (laid in this place)
  • hjs ~ hic jacet sepultus (here lies buried)
  • hm ~ hoc mense (in this month)
  • ht ~ height or hoc tempore (in this time)
  • hy ~ heavy

I

  • i.a. ~ in absentia
  • ibid ~ ibidem (in the same place or the same)
  • i/c ~ in charge of
  • id ~ idem (the same)
  • I.e. ~ Id est (that is)
  • ih ~ iacet hic (here lies)
  • Il/Ille/illg/illeg~ illegitimate
  • in loco ~ in place of
  • in loc citata ~ in the place cited
  • in pr ~ in principio (in the beginning)
  • inq ~ inquest or inquiry
  • ipso facto ~ by the act itself
  • iq ~ idem quod (the same as)
  • IRL ~ Ireland
  • it. ~ item

J

  • J.u. ~ jure uxoris (right of wife)
  • jur ~ juratum (it has been sworn), juror, jury, or jurisprudence

K

  • kh ~ keeping house
  • ki ~ killed by Indians
  • km ~ murdered

L

  • lab ~ laborer
  • led ~ ledig (unmarried)
  • lg ~ letters of guardianship
  • liv ~ livery
  • l/o ~ late of
  • loc cit ~ loco citato (in the place cited)
  • ltd ~ limited
  • lvg ~ living

M

  • malls ~ measles
  • mb ~ marriage book
  • mbn ~ marriage banns
  • mcd ~ married contrary to discipline
  • Mdn ~ maiden
  • mdse ~ merchandise
  • Messrs ~ Messieurs (plural of Mr./Mister)
  • Middx ~ Middlesex (county)
  • mlle ~ mademoiselle
  • Mme ~ Madam
  • moiety ~ one-half
  • mors ~ death or corpse
  • mris ~ mistress
  • mv ~ more vetere (in the old way)

Record from 1600s using various abbreviations

N

  • nat ~ natural/illegitimate
  • nc ~ name change
  • ncm ~ non compos mentis (mental unsoundness)
  • nd/ndt ~ no date
  • né ~ original, former, or legal name of a man
  • née ~ as born, precedes maiden name of a married woman
  • nfi ~ no further information
  • nfk ~ nothing further known
  • nil ~ nothing found, no information located
  • n/m ~ not married
  • nmi ~ no middle initial
  • nmn ~ no middle name
  • noia ~ nomina (names)
  • noie ~ nomine (by name)
  • nois ~ nominis (of the name)
  • non copos mentis ~ not sound of mind
  • non obs ~ non obstante (notwithstanding)
  • non seq ~ non sequitur (it does not follow)
  • ntop ~ not of this parish
  • npn ~ no page number
  • nunc ~ nuncupative (unwritten, an oral will)
  • NXN/nxn ~ no Christian name

O

  • o/oe/oi/oy/oye/oey ~ grandson or nephew (Scottish)
  • ob inf ~ obit infantia (died in infancy)
  • ob inf set ~ died whilst still a minor
  • Obk ~ order book
  • o.s.p. ~ died without issue
  • ob unm ~ obit (died unmarried)
  • ofc ~ office
  • oft ~ often
  • orp ~ orphan
  • Orph Ct ~ Orphans Court
  • otp ~ of this parish or of this place
  • Overs ~ overseer
  • o.v.m. ~ obiit vita matris (died in lifetime of mother)
  • ovp ~ obiit vita patris (died in lifetime of father)
  • owb ~ old will book

P

  • penult ~ penultimate, last but one
  • p.m. ~ postmaster
  • Pp ~ pauper
  • P&P ~ past and present
  • ppa ~ per power of attorney
  • pro tem ~ pro tempore (for the time being)
  • prox ~ proximo (next month)
  • prvd/pvd ~ proved
  • pty ~ proprietary
  • pw ~ per week
  • py ~ per year

Q

  • qaly ~ qualifying
  • q c ~ quit claim
  • qv ~ quod vide (refer to, which see)

R

  • rcd/rec ~ record or recorded
  • rcp ~ Roman Catholic priest
  • rcpt ~ receipt
  • re: ~ regarding
  • recd ~ received or recorded
  • relecta ~ widow
  • relectus ~ widower
  • rel/o ~ relict of (widow of)
  • req ~ request or requested
  • rmt ~ reported married to
  • rol ~ received on letter
  • rolf ~ received on letter from
  • Rot. ~ rotalus (roll or rolls, as in a collection of records)
  • Ry ~ railway

S

  • s-a ~ twice annually
  • s/b ~ stillborn
  • sch ~ school or schedule
  • sci. fa. ~ scire facias (and it is ordered that)
  • sd/sd ~ said or sine die (without setting a date for reconvening)
  • sgd ~ signed
  • shef ~ sheriff
  • sh. sh. ~ sharpshooter
  • sic ~ written thus, as copied, or as shown in the original
  • sine ~ without
  • sine die ~ without delay, indefinitely
  • s.l.p. ~ sine legitima prole (died without issue)
  • s-m ~ twice monthly
  • Smn ~ seaman
  • s.n. ~ sine nomen (infant who died without being given a name)
  • spl ~ special or sine prole legitima (without legitimate issue)
  • spm ~ sine prole macula (without male issue)
  • sps ~ sine prole supersite (without surviving issue)
  • spur ~ spurious, spuria (illegitimate)
  • Sra ~ Señora
  • strs ~ seamstress
  • suo juris ~ in his (or her) right
  • sv ~ sub verbo, sub voce (under the word)

T

  • T/A ~ trading as
  • testr ~ testator
  • tn ~ tenant, toon, town, or township
  • t & p ~ true and perfect
  • tw ~ tri-weekly

U

  • u.d. ~ ultimo die (final day)
  • ult ~ ultimo (last, a date last month)
  • usw ~ und so weiter (and so forth)
  • ut sup ~ ut supra (as above)
  • ux/uxor/uz ~ Mrs. or wife

V

  • v.d. ~ various dates
  • ve/vve ~ widow
  • verch ~ daughter
  • verh. ~ verheiratet (married)
  • verl. ~ verlobt (engaged)
  • vid. ~ viduus, vidua (widower, widow)
  • vide ~ see
  • vix ~ lived
  • viz. ~ namely
  • v.m. ~ vita matris (during mother’s life)
  • vp ~ vita  patris (in the father’s lifetime)
  • vv ~ vice versa

W

  • wag ~ wagoner
  • wdr ~ widower
  • wds ~ wounds
  • wi ~ witness
  • wp ~ will proved
  • w/pwr ~ with power
  • wt/wth ~ with
  • wtn ~ witness
  • wwr ~ widower

Y

  • ye ~ the, you, or your
  • yere ~ there
  • yis ~ this
  • ym ~ them
  • yst ~ youngest
  • yt ~ that or yet

Common Name Abbreviations

  • Ada ~ Adelaide
  • Ar ~ Arthur
  • Bertie/Berty ~ Albert, Alberta, Bertha, Herbert, Robert, or Roberta
  • Brid ~ Bridget
  • Bx ~ Beatrix
  • Car ~ Charles
  • Chas ~ Charles
  • Cis/Cissie/Cissy ~ Cecelia
  • Danl ~ Daniel
  • Ebenr ~ Ebenezer
  • Edw ~ Edward
  • El/Elis/Eliz/Elizth/Eliza ~ Elizabeth
  • Eli ~ Elijah or Elisha
  • Ell ~ Ellen
  • Ella ~ Eleanor, Elinor, or Isabella
  • Ellie ~ Alice
  • Elnr ~ Eleanor
  • Elsb ~ Elsbeth

Census records using several name abbreviations

 

  • Elsie ~ Alice, Elisabeth, Elisa, or Elizabeth
  • Eml ~ Emaline, Emeline
  • Ez ~ Ezra or Ezekiel
  • Gail ~ Abigail
  • Geo/Geo ~ George
  • Gert/Gertie/Trudy ~ Gertrude
  • Gottf ~ Gottfried
  • Gottl ~ Gottlieb
  • Guliel/Gul ~ William
  • Gus ~ Augustus or Gustave
  • Hank ~ Henry
  • Hans ~ Johann or John (in German)
  • Hattie ~ Harriett
  • Ioh ~ John (I interchangeable with J)
  • Isa/Isab/Isb ~ Isabel or Isabella
  • Jas/Jas ~ James
  • Jb ~ Jacob or Jakob
  • Jenny/Jennie ~ Jane, Jean, or Jennifer
  • Jer/Jera/Jere/Jerma ~ Jeremiah
  • J Jb ~ Johann Jacob or Johann Jakob
  • Jos ~ Joseph, Josephine, Josiah
  • Josh ~ Josiah
  • Josie/Josy ~ Josephine
  • Jro ~ Jerome
  • J Rud ~ Johann Rudolf
  • Jud ~ Judith
  • Kit ~ Christopher, Catherine, Katherine, or Katharine
  • Lawr/Laur/Laurie ~ Lawrence or Laurence
  • Leo/Lend ~ Leonard
  • Lk ~ Luke
  • Ma ~ Maria
  • Mab ~ Mabel
  • Madge ~ Margaret
  • Magd ~ Magdalena
  • Mat/Matty/Mattie ~ Martha, Matilda, or Matthew
  • May ~ Maria, Marie, or Mary
  • Meta ~ Margaret
  • Mgy ~ Margery
  • Ph/Phil ~ Phillip
  • Polly ~ Mary
  • Rb/Rob/Robt/Bobby ~ Robert
  • Sal/Sallie/Sally ~ Sarah
  • Thos/Tom ~ Thomas
  • Wm/Will/Willie/Willy ~ William
  • Winnie/Winny ~ Winifred
  • Xper/Xr ~ Christopher

 

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